California Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) Subsidies

Learn about three ways California residents can reduce the costs of health care coverage under the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare), including tax credits, cost-sharing subsidies, and public programs like Medicaid and CHIP.
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Ways to Save Money on Obamacare in California

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There are three primary ways to reduce the cost of health plans under the Affordable Care Act in California.

  • You may be able to lower the cost of monthly premiums when you sign up for a private health insurance plan. Your savings will come in the form of federal or California state tax credits.
  • You may be able to reduce your out-of-pocket costs -- including copayments, deductibles, and coinsurance -- with cost-sharing subsidies paid for by insurers.
  • You may qualify for free or low-cost coverage through Medi-Cal, or your children may be able to obtain coverage through the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).

Each of these forms of assistance depends on your income and family size.

Many people who apply for coverage at the California exchange will be eligible for some form of financial assistance. Read on to learn more about each option.

Who Qualifies for Obamacare Tax Credits?

Obamacare tax credits can immediately bring down your monthly health insurance premiums; you don't have to wait until tax time to claim them. Using these tax credits, many low- to middle-income Americans can sign up for free or very low-cost health insurance plans, while others achieve significant savings on monthly premiums.

For 2020, California is adding state tax credits to those already available from the federal government.

Federal Tax Credits

Federal tax credits are available for those who are:

  • under age 65
  • not eligible for job-based health coverage or Medi-Cal, and
  • earning between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty level.

In 2019, here's what 100% to 400% of the federal poverty level looks like for different household sizes:

  • $12,490 to $49,960 for individuals
  • $16,910 to $67,640 for a family of 2
  • $21,330 to $85,320 for a family of 3
  • $25,570 to $102,280 for a family of 4
  • $30,170 to $120,680 for a family of 5
  • $34,590 to $138,360 for a family of 6
  • $39,010 to $156,040 for a family of 7
  • $43,430 to $173,720 for a family of 8

The amount of your tax credit will be sent directly to your insurer to immediately lower your insurance premiums.

State Tax Credits

New premium subsidies offered in California for 2020 will lower rates for three groups of consumers:

  • Californians who earn between 400% and 600% of the federal poverty level may save an average of 23% on their monthly premiums. For 2020, 600% of the federal poverty level is $74,940 for an individual and $154,500 for a family of four.
  • Those earning between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty level will be eligible to receive state subsidies in addition to federal assistance. The state subsidy will contribute additional average savings of 5% on monthly premiums.
  • State residents whose annual household income is less than 138% of the federal poverty level will see premiums for certain plans lowerd to just $1 per person, per month. The 2020 earnings cutoff for this level is $17,237 for an individual and $35,535 for a family of four.

One caveat: If you receive federal or state tax credits and your income significantly increases during the year, you must report the change to $EXCHANGE. If you don't, you may find yourself with a big tax bill at the end of the year because you will have to pay back the tax credits for which you were no longer qualified.

Your final eligibility for tax credits will be determined when you apply for a health plan at $EXCHANGE.

Cost-Sharing Subsidies 

In 2017, the Trump administration decided to end a second type of Affordable Care Act subsidy, called "cost-sharing reductions" or CSRs. These subsidies were paid by the federal government directly to insurers, allowing them to reduce deductibles and co-payments for people with incomes between 100% and 250% of the federal poverty level.

The good news is that insurers figured out a way to continue to offer CSRs to consumers. That means that, in addition to saving money with tax credits, cost-sharing subsidies may help you pay for out-of-pocket costs. They also lower the total amount you'd have to pay for health care in a given year. (The annual out-of-pocket spending limits for plans offered by $EXCHANGE will vary depending on the type of plan – platinum, gold, silver, or bronze. See How Much Does Obamacare Cost in California?)

Cost-sharing subsidies are available for people earning between 100% and 250% of the federal poverty level. The limits below will help you determine whether you qualify. (These amounts are based on the federal poverty level for 2019.)

  • $12,490 to $31,225 for individuals
  • $16,910 to $42,275 for a family of 2
  • $21,330 to $53,325 for a family of 3
  • $25,570 to $63,947 for a family of 4
  • $30,170 to $75,425 for a family of 5
  • $34,590 to $86,475 for a family of 6
  • $39,010 to $97,525 for a family of 7
  • $43,430 to $108,575 for a family of 8

Note that these out-of-pocket savings are available only for silver plans. Generally, if you qualify for the subsidy, you’ll get the out-of-pocket benefits of a gold or platinum plan for the price of a silver plan.

Getting Free or Low-Cost Coverage Through Medi-Cal or CHIP

You may qualify for free or low-cost coverage through Medicaid (Medi-Cal) in California, or your children may be able to obtain coverage through the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).

Medi-Cal. If you are eligible for Medi-Cal, you will get free or low-cost health care. You will not need to buy a separate health plan through $EXCHANGE.

When you apply for health coverage at $EXCHANGE, the state will check your application against the Medi-Cal eligibility rules and tell you whether you qualify for Medi-Cal or the other savings options described above.

Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Even if you don’t qualify for Medi-Cal, your children may be eligible for the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Kids covered by CHIP don’t need to be included in another health plan.

When you apply for health coverage at $EXCHANGE, the state will check to see whether your children might qualify for CHIP. If so, it will alert the California CHIP agency.

Learn More

You can learn the final costs for specific plans, including whether you qualify for subsidies or low-cost care programs, when you apply for insurance online at $EXCHANGE or when you talk to a navigator or broker about the plans available to you. 

For more information, see How to Sign Up for Obamacare in California.


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