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What Michigan Residents Need to Know About Unemployment Benefits

Have you recently lost your job? If so, you may qualify for unemployment benefits: money paid by the state to those who are temporarily out of work.

This site provides clear, accurate information on collecting unemployment benefits in Michigan, including:

Here are three things to keep in mind as you get started:

1. You may be eligible for benefits even if you quit or were fired for cause. 

Some people mistakenly believe that unemployment is available only to employees who are laid off. However, you don't have to lose your job in a layoff to qualify for benefits. The key question is whether you are out of work without fault on your part. So, if you were forced to quit your job in lieu of being fired, or you were fired because you don't have the necessary skills for your job, you could still be eligible for benefits. 

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How Do I Apply for Unemployment Benefits in Michigan?

Michigan's unemployment insurance agency website gives you the information you need to apply for unemployment insurance in Michigan. The Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency’s website tells you:

  • What information you’ll need on hand to apply for unemployment insurance benefits
  • How to apply online for unemployment insurance benefits
  • How to apply for unemployment insurance benefits by phone by calling the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency at 866-500-0017
  • How to calculate the amount of unemployment insurance benefits you can receive, and
  • What to do to keep receiving unemployment insurance benefits in Michigan.

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Who Is Eligible for Unemployment Benefits in Michigan?

You qualify for unemployment benefits in Michigan if you meet two basic requirements:

  • you must have earned at least a minimum amount in the time before you lost your job, and
  • you must be out of work through no fault of your own.

If you meet these two qualifications when you apply, you will likely be eligible to receive unemployment benefits. (To keep receiving benefits after you are found eligible, you will also have to meet your state’s job search requirements; to learn more, see What Do I Have to Do to Keep Receiving Unemployment Benefits in Michigan?)

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How Much Will I Collect in Unemployment Benefits in Michigan?

In Michigan, you can earn up to $362 per week in unemployment benefits. 

Every state has its own rules for calculating unemployment benefits. Typically, the amount you receive each week is based on your earnings when you were employed. After all, unemployment benefits are intended to replace some of the income you lost along with your job, and tide you over until you find new work.

Calculating Your Benefit Amount

Your weekly unemployment benefit amount depends on your earnings during the base period.

In Michigan, your weekly benefit amount will be your wages during the highest paid quarter of the base period multiplied by 4.1% (.041). 

Currently, the most you can receive each week is $362 per week; the minimum amount you can receive is $117 per week. These limits are adjusted from time to time for inflation.

Michigan pays an additional amount of $6 per week per dependent, up to $30 per week for five dependents. A dependent is someone for whom you pay more than half the cost of his or her support in the 90 days prior to your benefit year. (If the dependent is your spouse or child, and that relationship has lasted fewer than 90 days, you must have paid half the cost of that person's support for the duration of the familial relationship.)

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How Long Will My Unemployment Benefits Last in Michigan?

In Michigan, you can receive unemployment benefits for a maximum of 20 weeks

Each state sets its own rules for how long unemployment benefits last. Until quite recently, virtually all states offered a maximum of 26 weeks of benefits. In the last five or six years, however, some states have changed their rules on duration of benefits (in most cases, to offer benefits for a shorter period of time).

There are two programs that provide additional weeks of benefits in times of high unemployment: extended benefits (EB) and emergency unemployment compensation (EUC).

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What Do I Have to Do to Keep Receiving Unemployment Benefits in Michigan?

After your application for unemployment insurance benefits is approved by the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency, you can’t just sit back and collect benefits—you have to do certain things to stay eligible. After your initial claim for unemployment benefits is approved in Michigan. You have to:

  • be unemployed or underemployed (generally, earning close to what you receive in weekly benefits)
  • be able and available to work
  • be actively looking for work, and
  • file to continue to receive benefits.

Unemployed Or Underemployed

You have to be unemployed or earning significantly less than you used to (also called being “underemployed”) to continue to receive unemployment benefits. You have to report any earnings from work to the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency. In some states, you will still be entitled unemployment benefits if you earn less than your weekly benefit amount; about half the states will allow you to continue receiving benefits even if you earn a bit more than your weekly benefit amount. You will be allowed to set aside some of what you earn (the amount varies from state to state). The rest will be subtracted from your usual weekly benefit amount, and you will receive the difference. For more information about receiving partial unemployment benefits, see How Much Will I Collect in Unemployment Benefits in Michigan?

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Can I Appeal a Denial of Unemployment Benefits in Michigan?

If Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency denies you unemployment insurance benefits, you can appeal. After you file your initial claim for unemployment benefits, the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency will send you a written determination of your eligibility for benefits and, if it finds you eligible, how much you will receive in benefits. But, if the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency finds that you are not eligible for benefits or grants you benefits in a lower amount than you believe you are entitled to, you can appeal that decision. And, if the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency finds you eligible to receive benefits, your ex-employer can appeal that decision.

If you want to appeal the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency decision, check the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency website and handbook for:

  • Any forms and instructions for filing your appeal
  • The deadline for filing your appeal
  • What to do if you are filing late
  • Where and how to file your appeal
  • How long the appeal process takes
  • What happens to your benefits while you wait for a decision on your appeal, and
  • A link to the Michigan Compensation Appellate Commission that will review your appeal.

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Do I Need a Lawyer to Get Unemployment Benefits in Michigan?

Having your own lawyer to represent you in the unemployment insurance benefits process in Michigan will level the playing field for you—because your ex-employer will be represented. Your ex-employer is almost certainly going to have a lawyer or two offering guidance through the Michigan unemployment process. This legal advice can give your ex-employer an edge over you in the process, especially if they intend to challenge your claim for benefits. Your own lawyer can:

  • Help you figure out if you are eligible for unemployment insurance benefits in Michigan
  • Tell you if your employer’s stated reason for terminating you is valid and will bar benefits
  • Guide you through Michigan’s unemployment insurance benefits claim process
  • Advise you on how to keep receiving unemployment insurance benefits, and
  • Assist you if you need to appeal a denial of unemployment insurance benefits by the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency

Check the website of the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency before you see a lawyer to get information about applying for unemployment benefits and your rights and obligations under the unemployment laws of Michigan. The website and the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency claimant handbook, Unemployment Benefits in Michigan, have answers to your questions about the filing process. To find a lawyer in Michigan, check the Michigan Bar Association lawyer referral services and the lawyer directory of Nolo.com.

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