Taxes and other priority debts must be listed on Schedule E/F (Form 106 E/F)
Most tax debts can't be discharged in bankruptcy. But there are exceptions for taxes more than 3 years old for which you have filed timely returns.
If you haven't filed tax returns, you're out of luck. You'll have to wait at least three years after the taxes are filed before bankruptcy can do anything for you.
And having others file tax returns for you (e.g. the government) doesn't count, in most cases. You have to be the one who filed the return.
Also bankruptcy can't help you with property taxes because property taxes create a lien on your property which remains after bankruptcy, regardless of whether your personal liability for the debt is discharged. Tax liens must be paid before the property can be sold.
For more information see Chapter 9 of How to File for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy (Nolo, 2021 22nd ed)
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Bankruptcy can eliminate some kinds of debts, like credit card debt and medical debt, but not others, like child support and (in most cases) student loans. And liens associated with "purchase money secured debts", where you have pledged collateral for a loan, also are not affected by a bankruptcy, so you can still lose the collateral to the lien-holder.
Yes, but it is much more difficult than discharging other types of unsecured debt like credit cards. You have to prove “undue hardship.” But you might get lucky, if you get the right bankruptcy judge. Be sure to consider non-bankruptcy options.
By law, child support obligations generally cannot be avoided in a bankruptcy. They pass pretty much intact.