Missouri WageAndHourLaw

Missouri Wage and Overtime Law

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What Missouri Residents Need to Know About the Minimum Wage, Overtime, and Other Wage Claims

You can recover unpaid wages, overtime, tips in Missouri if you know your rights and how to enforce them. Does your employer owe you unpaid wages or overtime? Or, maybe you need information on the breaks you’re entitled to, overtime rules, or your right to tips. If so, find out here on this site what you can do in Missouri to get the money you have earned

Answers to those and other questions about wage and hour law in Missouri are right here on this site. You will find out about:

A few things to keep in mind as you explore this site:

1. Wage and hour laws differ from state to state.

Most states have enacted their own wage and hour regulations and procedures for employees to follow if they have been treated unfairly. These regulations and procedures vary from state to state. Start by finding out about your rights to pay in Missouri.

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What Are My Rights to Pay for Work in Missouri?

You are entitled to be paid the minimum wage set by law in Missouri, unless you are exempt, and you have other work pay rights, too. No matter how you are paid in Missouri, whether by hourly wage, salary, commissions, tips, or piece rate, the law in Missouri gives you certain rights. While your employer can pay you in a variety of ways, each manner of payment is regulated by federal law and some states also regulate them. These regulations:

  • guarantee minimum wage rates
  • define commission pay
  • set paycheck payment schedules, and
  • establish the deadlines for paycheck payments in Missouri.

The Missouri Department of Labor & Industrial Relations explains the Missouri laws that regulate pay for work in Missouri.

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Am I Entitled to Overtime Pay in Missouri?

Most employers must pay overtime pay for every hour of overtime an employee works in Missouri, unless the employee is exempt. To figure out if you are entitled to overtime pay for your work in Missouri, these are the questions you need answers to:

  • Is your employer covered by federal or state overtime pay laws?
  • Are you eligible for overtime pay under federal or state overtime pay laws?
  • Are you exempt from overtime pay laws?
  • How does Missouri regulate overtime pay? and,
  • What is the overtime pay rate in Missouri?

The federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires most employers to pay employees 1-1/2 times their regular hourly wage for every hour worked over 40 hours in a workweek, unless the employee is exempt from overtime pay entitlement. So, if you are eligible, you should be paid your regular hourly wage plus 50% of that wage as premium pay for each overtime hour worked.

Most states have their own overtime laws, too, which apply to people working in the state. However, the FLSA sets the minimum standard for overtime pay. So, if a state’s overtime law is less protective of employees, the FLSA standard will be applied to people working in that state.

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What Are My Rights to Tips in Missouri?

Your Missouri employer is legally allowed to pay you less than the minimum wage, as long as you earn enough in tips to bring your hourly rate up to the Missouri minimum. You can also be required to share or pool your tips with other employees, in some circumstances. 

If you earn tips, you should know the rules about

  • what counts as a tip
  • how much your employer must pay you in addition to your tips, and
  • whether and how much you can be required to contribute to a tip sharing arrangement (also called a “tip pool”).

Under federal and Missouri law, tips belong to the employee. An employer can never take employee tips and keep them for itself. However, an employer may be allowed to take a “tip credit” – to count part of the tips an employee earns towards the employer’s obligation to pay the minimum wage. Employers may also be allowed to require employees to share their tips with each other and to pass on certain costs – such as credit card processing fees – to employees by docking their tips.

Is your employer giving you all of the tips to which you are legally entitled? To find out, you first have to understand what money counts as a tip.

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Does My Missouri Employer Have to Give Me Breaks From Work?

In Missouri, you are not entitled to paid rest breaks.

Although many employees get meal and rest breaks during the workday, these breaks aren’t legally required everywhere. Federal law doesn’t require employers to give employees time off to eat or rest during their shifts. Employees are entitled to these breaks only if their state requires it.  

The federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) doesn’t require employers to give breaks, but it does regulate when employers have to pay for breaks they choose to give. 

Should Your Breaks Be Paid?

The FLSA requires employers to pay employees for all hours worked, including time the employer may classify as a “break.” An employer does not have to pay for longer meal breaks during which the employee is relieved of all work duties.

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What Can I Do If I Am Owed Pay?

If you have an overtime, minimum wage violation, or other wage and hour claim against your employer, you can complain within your company, file a wage claim (in most states), or file a lawsuit to assert your rights. 

If your employer has not paid you the full minimum wage, has not paid you overtime you earned, has not paid you for every hour worked, has required you to work through unpaid breaks, or has illegally kept your tips (among other things), you may have a legal claim for wage theft. Below, we explain the most common wage law violations and provide information on how to enforce your right to be paid fairly, and on time, for all of your work.

Common Wage and Overtime Violations

If your employer hasn’t paid you fully for every hour you have worked, you may have legal claims for violation of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) or Missouri wage and hour law. Here are some common wage theft claims.

Minimum Wage

Your employer must pay you at least the highest minimum wage that applies to you, whether federal, state, or local. If you haven’t received at least this much per hour, less any allowed deductions, you may have a claim for unpaid wages.

The minimum wage in Missouri is $7.65 an hour. Because this is higher than the federal minimum wage of $7.25, employees in Missouri must be paid at least $7.65 an hour. 

Two cities, Kansas City and St. Louis, have passed their own laws setting a higher minimum wage for employees within the city limits. However, Missouri has a statewide law that prohibits local governments from adopting local minimum wages. State courts are currently determining whether the higher city wages will be allowed to go into effect or not. 

Wages for Tipped Employees

Some states allow employers to pay a lower minimum wage to employees who earn tips; others don’t. Either way, you must earn at least the full applicable minimum wage. See What Are My Rights to Tips in Missouri? for more information on Missouri law for tipped employees.

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Can My Employer Garnish My Wages in Missouri?

Your employer can garnish your wages in Missouri if ordered to do so. Under federal law, Missouri employers may garnish, or withhold, a portion of an employee’s wages because the employer has been ordered to do so by a court or through some other legal procedure by a creditor.

Your wages may be garnished in Missouri if you have:

  • unpaid credit card debt and the credit card company seeks repayment
  • failed to pay child or spousal support
  • defaulted on a student loan, or
  • unpaid taxes due and the taxing authority seeks payment.

Wage garnishment happens when an employee has an unpaid debt (unrelated to employment) and the creditor of the debt seeks payment. Generally speaking, your employer must garnish your wages when ordered to do so. But, there are limits on how much of your earnings may be garnished, and on how your employer responds to the garnishment. And, some states set greater limits on the amount of an employee’s wages an employer may garnish than does federal law.

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Am I Entitled to Paid Vacation or Sick Leave in Missouri?

Employers in Missouri are not legally required to provide paid vacation or paid sick leave to their employees. 

Many employers, in Missouri and nationwide, offer paid time off to their employees. As employees, we might take our paid vacation and sick days for granted. However, in most states, employers are under no obligation to provide paid time off. In fact, about one-quarter of employees in the private sector get no paid vacation days, and almost 40% get no paid sick time.

Paid Vacation

Currently, no state requires employers to provide paid vacation or personal leave to employees. If you have an employment agreement that promises you a certain number of paid vacation days, then you may have a contract claim against your employer if it doesn’t provide them. Otherwise, however, Missouri employers may choose whether or not to offer vacation time.

If your employer does provide vacation time, state law determines whether your employer must pay out your accrued, unused vacation time when your employment relationship ends.

Missouri law does not require employers to include pay for accrued vacation time in final paychecks.

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